The 60’s has its share of progress that has affected the lives of people today. Advancements in the field of science and medicine have led to many lives saved and enjoying longer, healthier lives. Here are just some of them.
The decade has shown different advances in the field of medicine. There were advances in vascular surgery, the methods in operating on veins, arteries and most especially the heart. There was also a advances in neurosurgery which involves better the development of techniques in brain and spinal cord operations. Medical science also improved in the field of organ transplants during the 60’s. It was during this decade that the first heart transplant was successfully done. The development of roller pump by Michael DeBakery in the 60’s has made open heart surgery possible. And also, certain advancements in chemotherapy also led to better and more effective ways in fighting cancer.
There are also notable discoveries in the 60’s that has helped contribute to a better way of life today. It was during the 60’s that scientists discover that Thalidomide, the common drug used to treat morning sickness in pregnant women, also caused birth defects in women who use them. Studies is smoking during the 60’s revealed that the habit increased the risk of developing lung and stomach cancer. Scientists were also able to develop anti-virus vaccines that led to better treatments of viral infections among many people.
Every decade is known to have its own distinctive identity. It can come from different sources. One of them is through fashion. Each decade of fashion usually comes with its own distinctive flavor. There are certain trends that took off and became popular with the rest of the world. Here are some of them that came out quite fittingly in the 1960’s.
Tie Dye Shirts
Those psychedelic colored t-shirts with round swirls for designs became popular during the 60’s. the concept behind it is that dye will only penetrate loose fabric. This is a simple yet interesting way to create designs with fabrics. This process has been known as the tie dye and has been an ancient art craft of dyeing. The hippies of the 60’s simply revived the craft and it took off and became a part of the 60’s trend.
With the civil rights movement focusing on African Americans during the 60’s, the Afro look also became the hairdo of choice. It became a popular and trendy look for many people during this decade. Even the girls chose the Afro as it became popular and was not just limited to the boys.
Bellbottoms also became a popular style during the 60’s. The pants with the wide-legged bottom became a fashion statement during this decade when celebrities like Elvis Presley, Sonny and Cher wore it. Soon the hippie crowd followed on the trend and it became a fashion fixture even until the next decade, the 1970’s.
When it comes to automobiles, nothing defines the 1960’s more than the Ford Mustang. An icon in design, the Ford Mustang is one of those automobiles that people can recognize when they see it. The car was first introduced into the market in 1964. It was the first automobile that introduced a new pony car class in the market, which characterized the new affordable and highly-stylized compact cars with that sporty look.
The initial design for the Ford Mustang was chosen from a design competition held within the different departments of Ford. Eventually, the winning design came from the team of Lincoln-Mercury design studio. Development of the car only took two years from design to introduction into the market, considered as fast for a new car model. In order to do that as well as cut developmental costs, Ford used some of the Mustang’s components from existing car models such as the Falcon and the Fairlane.
At the time it was introduced, the Ford Mustang became quite in demand based on its sleek design and affordable pricing. Although the first Mustang model was designed as a compact car, its popularity soon led to design improvements that made it bigger and better in terms of performance. For the class if cars it introduced, the Ford Mustang brought in other car manufacturers to design and build their own version of the pony car. But nothing did better in the 1960’s than the Ford Mustang. It eventually became somewhat of a symbol to signify cars during the 1960’s.
If ever there was anything that can define the 60’s, it was all about the struggle to become free, equal, and one. People were yearning to be as one in the face of problems, discrimination, war, and self-serving politics. They have longed for peace and solidarity. And if ever there was one thing that enabled the people to become free and at peace during those troubled times of the 60’s, it came at the conclusion of the wild decade. It was during the Woodstock music festival.
The Woodstock music festival happened from August 15 to 17, 1969. Despite its name, which was after the festival’s original venue, it relocated into a dairy farm in the town of Bethel, when the local residents shot down the idea of the festival in their area.
The Woodstock music festival was organized initially as a profit-making venture. But due to the influx of attendees that numbered around 400,000 along with a series of mishaps and venue changes, it was eventually made into a free concert. The organizers were not able to cope up with such a large crowd. The music festival lasted four days with different singers and bands brought in to play. Among the most notable included Creedence Clearwater Revival, Janis Joplin, The Who, The Grateful Dead, and Jimi Hendrix, among many others.
The Woodstock music festival was significant in that it became a defining moment in the history of rock and roll and the emergence of the hippie counterculture. It was also noted for being a relatively peaceful and harmonious music festival despite its huge attendance of around 400,000 people and all the possibilities of accidents, disasters, looting, riots and a catastrophe waiting to happen. In the end there was social harmony with the attendees meeting together just to enjoy the experience and the music.
The 60’s was really an exciting period. It was a time that helped define the world as we know it today. Different things have happened during this decade that has influenced the way people lived today. For some younger people today, it may be a forgotten decade that they no longer know about. But there are certain images and icons that persist even today that were part of this decade. One of them in the universal peace symbol.
While many people can still identify the universal peace symbol quite well today, not a lot may know about its history. What they know is that it became a symbol of the peace movement that came out during the 60’s. But only a few know about its origins.
The peace symbol that became popular during the 60’s was the logo for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament or CND, a UK movement that was founded sometime in 1957. Its objective was for a unilateral nuclear disarmament in order to avoid countries going into a possible nuclear war. It was at a time when different nations were starting to harness the power of nuclear energy and the stockpiling nuclear weapons for defense, notably by Russia and USA. This activity has placed the world always in a constant concern of an impending nuclear war that can happen at any time. The movement aimed to avoid this by initially urging the English government to ban nuclear weapons.
The CND adopted the popular symbol for their movement in 1958. It was designed by Gerald Herbert Holtom, who was then a member of the Direct Action Committee against Nuclear War which supported the CND. The symbol was based on the naval code of semaphore positions, which stand for the letters “N” and “D” for “Nuclear Disarmament”. The symbol was first used during the initial marches done in opposition to the production of nuclear armaments in the UK in 1958.
Eventually, the CND’s logo was embraced by other peace movements who were against the war in Vietnam during the 60’s. Since the logo was not copyrighted, it became popular as an international peace symbol that is used even today.